- Eczema is a condition in which parts of the skin itch, become inflamed, red and rough.
- By maintaining and moisturizing the skin, certain types of eczema can be prevented.
- It is important to differentiate between the different causes of eczema since the effective treatments are different.
- Certain foods can cause symptoms such as citrus fruits, dairy products, gluten or wheat, soy, spices such as vanilla and cinnamon and some types of nuts.
- Eczema is not a contagious disease.
Eczema is a term for a group of medical disorders that cause the skin to become inflamed, itchy, or irritated.
The word "eczema" is also used specifically for atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema.
The appearance of the skin affected by eczema depends on how badly a person scratches and whether the skin is infected. Further scratching and rubbing irritates the skin, increases inflammation and exacerbates the itching.
Eczema is always itchy. Sometimes the itching occurs before the rash occurs. Rashes are most common on the face, back of the knees, wrists, hands, or feet, but can also affect other areas.
is the most common form of eczema. It usually starts in younger years and often becomes milder or disappears in adulthood. "Atopic" refers to a group of diseases, including the immune system. Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin. Atopic dermatitis occurs when the skin's natural barrier to irritants and allergens is weakened.
Signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis (eczema) differ greatly from skin to skin and include:
- Dry skin
- itching, which can be particularly severe at night
- Red to brown spots, mostly on hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids, in the elbow and knee bends as well as in babies on the face and scalp
Atopic dermatitis usually begins before the age of 5 and can last until puberty and adulthood. For some it flickers periodically and then clears up for some time, even for a few years.
- Contact dermatitis is a red, itchy rash caused by direct contact with a substance or an allergic reaction to it. After repeated exposure to the same substance, an allergen becomes. Activates the body's immune recognition system. The rash is not contagious, but can be very uncomfortable.
- Dyshidrotic eczema is a skin disorder in which blisters develop on the soles of the feet, on the sides of the fingers or on the toes and palms. The blisters are itchy and are usually filled with fluid. Blisters usually last about two to four weeks and can be related to seasonal allergies or stress. Blisters may break out more often during the spring allergy season. The blisters are often very itchy. Affected skin areas can deposit, tear and peel off.
- Hand eczema is an inflammation of the skin of the hands that can be caused by contact allergens such as rubber chemicals, but other external factors (e.g. irritants such as water or cleaning agents) and an atopic disposition are often important triggers.
With hand eczema, your hands become red, itchy, and dry, and may crack or blister.
- Neurodermatitis is a skin disease that begins with an itchy skin patch. It is similar to eczema. It causes thick, scaly patches on your skin. Scratching makes it even more itchy. This itch-scratch cycle causes the affected skin to become thick and leathery.
Neurodermatitis usually occurs in people with other types of eczema or Psoriasis . Stress is also a known cause of this disease.
In neurodermatitis, thick, scaly patches form on the arms, legs, neck, scalp, soles of the feet, back of the hands or genitals. These areas can be very itchy, especially when you are relaxed or sleeping.
- Congestion dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin that develops in people with poor blood circulation. It most often occurs in the lower legs, where blood usually collects. When blood collects or accumulates in the veins of the lower legs, the pressure on the veins increases. Legs can swell and form varicose veins.
The lower part of your legs can swell, especially on days when you have walked so much. The legs can hurt or feel heavy.
- Nummular eczema is a type of eczema that has coin-shaped spots on your skin. The word "nummular" means coin in Latin. Nummular eczema is very different from other types of eczema and can be very itchy. These spots often itch and are well developed.
Nummular eczema can be triggered by a reaction to a skin injury such as burns, grazes or insect bites. Dry skin can also cause it. The condition can lead to a spot or some spots from coin-shaped lesions. These can take several months.
People with eczema benefit from working with their doctor to find out what triggers or worsens their symptoms. Avoiding certain triggers or allergens can help prevent or minimize flare-ups.
Living with eczema can be intimidating if you don't know how to treat the day after tomorrow. As with any disease, you are usually not treated well. It leaves a lot to be desired, a lot to be desired.